Recently I got an email from someone who wanted to know the names of the different parts of a bullwhip. There is some variation in the terms that people use. The variation is usually a geographic thing, but it can also be a generation thing.
We’ll start at the end you hold and work our way to the end that makes the noise.
The knob on the end is called a heel knot.
Moving up the whip, you then have the handle. Despite it being called the handle, most whip crackers hold the whip in their hand by the heel knot. Holding the whip by the heel knot allows you to use the full length of the handle as leverage to put more energy into the whip with less effort on your part.
Here’s the handle:
Visually at the end of the handle is the transition knot. This know is mostly decorative. There are specific instances where this knot has a function, but is most whips it’s purely for aesthetics. A whip doesn’t need this knot to function, in fact I’ve made many by whips by request that don’t have that knot.
This knot typically sets at about the spot where the rigid handle ends. It’s main purpose it to hide the transition from the plaiting pattern of the handle to that of the lash.
Past the transition knot is the Lash or Thong of the whip. The lash is the flexible part of the whip that’s braided.
Extending past the lash is the fall. The fall is attached to the lash by a knot called a “fall hitch”. The way a bullwhip is designed the fall which takes a lot of stress is easily replaced.
Finally we to the end of the whip that makes the noise and that’s the crackers. Like the fall the cracker is designed to be replaced, and replaced very easily. The cracker takes the most abuse out of all the parts of the whip, it’s also cheap to replace.
Yesterday I finished the overlay of an 8 foot bullwhip. It’s 12 plait in whiskey kangaroo.
After the overlay was put on, I tied some string for the foundation for the transition knot:
Then put a turkshead over the string:
The string base for the knot is something that I put on to keep the knot from sliding up and down the whip if it loosens over time. It also builds up the space under the knot and gives it a little bit of texture.
Also you’ll notice the color difference between the knot and the handle/lash of the whip. The knot is the color of the leather when I get it, and the handle/lash is the color the braiding process (pulling/plaiting soap/etc) changes it to. The knot will be darkened during the finishing process.
Today I’ll put the heel knot on, roll and schellac the whip and ship it out!